Districts of Salzburg City
The city of Salzburg is divided into 24 districts and three associated "landscape areas" (Landschaftsräume). Tourists tend to focus on only three or four of them: The Altstadt (Old Town), Mülln and Nonntal; as well as the Neustadt. This article aims to give an overview on the districts (Stadtteile); further information can be obtained from individual, more detailed articles. Beyond the "touristy" districts, they might be useful if you move to Salzburg for a longer period of time or if you are looking for a hotel.
The "24 plus 3" Parts of Salzburg
1.) Altstadt: The Old Town and historic city centre has most of the sightseeing attractions of Salzburg.
2.) Mülln: Divided into inner (historic) and outer (not so historic) Mülln, contains a few attractions.
3.) Nonntal: Similarly divided into inner (historic with sights) and outer Nonntal; good for walks at pretty much any corner.
4.) Riedenburg: A posh residential area with a few hotels, yet quiet. Mostly late 19th century villas.
5.) Neustadt: Some busy streets and lots of late 19th century architecture; looks a bit like a mini-Vienna and has a few sights.
6.) Maxglan: Divided into several sections, a rather large, middle-class district with the airport and some commercial areas.
7.) Lehen: Famous as a shit area of Salzburg, mainly residential; north of the centre.
8.) Liefering: Socially strongly divided into Alt-Liefering (beyond the motorway; rather exclusive or at least middle-class); and the rest, which is generally not very good.
9.) Parsch: Rather heterogeneous, central district; mainly residential and commercial. Some parts dominated by new-money villas.
10.) Aigen: One of the poshest and most expensive parts of Salzburg; lots of villas from the late 19th century and new money. Divided into three parts (Glas, Aigen-Mitte and Abfalter).
11.) Gnigl: The atmosphere is a mix of suburban and ex-village, but not very pleasant in any case. Has commercial areas and a lot of traffic.
12.) Itzling: Developed as a working class district around the station after 1860 and was a "bad area" especially since the 1960ies; in the past 20 to 30 years, things have gradually improved. Mainly middle-class now, with the exception of the area near the station.
13.) Elisabeth-Vorstadt: 19th century neighbourhood that was bombed to the grounds in the war and re-built; not the best part of the town, but due to the central location, it is not all that cheap either. Lots of traffic.
14.) Morzg: Situated in the southern parts of Salzburg, one of the most expensive areas in all of Austria. Almost rural, yet close to the centre.
15.) Gneis: Dominated by villas from the 19th century; a very posh area, probably even more expensive than Morzg.
16.) Leopoldskron-Moos: Similar to Gneis and Morzg in appearance and social composition; very expensive; comes with a few more apartment blocks and middle-class homes that were built after the war. Noteworthy palace.
17.) Salzburg-Süd: Comprises of a stretch of former forest that was made a middle-class neighbourhood after the war; divided into Josefiau, Herrnau and Alpensiedlung. Along Alpenstraße you get a lot of traffic and commercial areas; lots of dormitories for Salzburg University.
18.) Langwied: Post-war development with middle-class homes and a suburbian spirit. Nothing noteworthy about it.
19.) Kasern: On the very edge of Salzburg, middle-class residential area, very unlikely to attract tourists if it isn′t for a local youth hostel and camping lot. Some commercial zones; post-war developments.
20.) Taxham: Also post-war district, known for the Europark shopping mall and other shopping areas. Also dense residential areas; no sightseeing, but en-route to Schloss Klessheim and the Salzburg Arena stadium.
21.) Schallmoos: Developed in the 17th century, but agricultural land until well into the late 19th century; bombed to the grounds in WWII, re-built as a shabby commercial and immigrant area and developing more nicely only for about 30 years with particularly noticeable improvements since 2005.
22.) Gneis-Süd: Two post-war settlements, the Eichethofsiedlung and the Birkensiedlung. Nothing to shout about, a boring, residential area on the nice, southern outskirts of Salzburg.
23.) Maxglan-West: The post-war settlements of Kendlersiedlung and Loig, on the western border of the city limits; pure residential area, not bad, but not interesting for tourists.
24.) Itzling-Nord: Another two post-war settlements, the Schlauchthofsiedlung and the Hagenauersiedlung. Middle-class neighbourhood with suburban aftertaste.
In addition, Salzburg has three "landscape areas" that are not considered to be part of an administrative unit or district as such. These are the areas of Hellbrunn that belong to the city; the Gaisberg and Kühberg, as far as within the Salzburg city limits; and the Heuberg (again, as far as the Salzburg share is concerned).
German Wikipedia comes with a List of the Salzburg districts
City of Salzburg, Official Website